Low purine diet

Purine Compound

Purines are chemical compounds, found in various items, fruits, vegetables and drinks, part of our routine life. Purines are broken down into uric acid. Uric acid is the cause of various problems like gout, , severe pain in bone joints such as ankle, fingers, elbow, shoulders etc. and too. Hence, people suffering in the trouble of metabolising purines are advised to intake less amount of purines such as people with diabetes, .

People suffering from gout, arthritis and diabetes must be careful about the exact purine compound in various fruits, vegetables, drinks and other food items. Chart given below, contains the purine compound per 100 grams of food items. For instance, Apple is a good fruit of low purines compound. On an average, an Apple has 14 milligrams of purine compounds per 100 grams of fruit. A chart is given to control the purine compound diet.

The list of fruits with corresponding purines compounds per 100 grams fruits is as below:

Serial No. Fruit Name Purines compound per 100 grams fruit Image of fruit
1 Apple 14 Apple
2 Almond, sweet 37 Almond
3 Apricot 73  Apricot
4 Artichoke 78 Artichoke
5 Asparagus 23 Asparagus
6 Aubergine 21 Aubergine
7 Avocado 19 Avocado
8 Bamboo Shoots 29 Bamboo Shoots
9 Banana 57  banana tree
10 Barley without husk, whole grain 96  Barley without husk, whole grain
11 Bean sprouts, Soya 80  Bean sprouts, Soya
12 Beans, French (string beans, haricot) 37  Beans, French string beans, haricot
13 Beans, French, dried 45  Beans, French, dried
14 Beet root 19  Beet root
15 Bilberry, blueberry, huckleberry 22  Aubergine
16 Bread, wheat (flour) or (white bread) 14  white bread
17 Broccoli 81  barley
18 Brussel sprouts 69  Brussel sprouts
19 Cabbage, red 32  Cabbage, red
20 Cabbage, savoy 37  Cabbage, savoy
21 Cabbage, white 22  Cabbage, white
22 Carrot 17  Carrot
23 Cauliflower 51  Cauliflower
24 Celeriac 30  Celeriac
25 Cheese, Brie 7.1  brie-cheese
26 Cherry, Morello 17  Cherry, Morello
27 Cherry, sweet 7.1  Cherry sweet
28 Chicory 12  Chicory
29 Chinese leaves 21  Chinese leaves
30 Chives 67  Chives
31 Corn, sweet 52  Corn, sweet
32 Currant, red 17  red-currant-image
33 Date, dried 35  Date, dried
34 Fennel leaves 14  Foeniculum vulgare Fennel seed
35 Fig (dried) 64  dry_figs
36 Gooseberry 16  amla
37 Grape 27  grapes
38 Kiwi fruit (Chinese gooseberry, strawberry peach 19  Kiwi fruit (Chinese gooseberry, strawberry peach
39 Mushroom 58  Mushroom
40 Nuts, peanut 79  Nuts, peanut
41 Oats, without husk, whole grain 94  Oats, without husk, whole grain
42 Onion 13  onion
43 Orange 19  Orange
44 Pasta made with egg (noodles, macaroni, spagh 40  Pasta made with egg (noodles, macaroni, spagh
45 Peach 21  Peach
46 Pineapple 19  Pineapple
47 Plum 24  plum
48 Plum, dried 64  Plum dried
49 Potato 16  pic
50 Pumpkin 44  Pumpkin
51 Quince 30  Quince
52 Radish 15  Radish
53 Spinach 57  spinach
54 Squash, summer 24  Squash, summer
55 Strawberry 21 Strawberries940x627
56 Tomato 11  pic
57 Nuts, Walnut 25  wal nut


Purine Compound

Diet plays a crucial role in getting relief in the disease like gout, arthritis, diabetes or any other disease.

Diabetes type 2:

In diabetes type 2, body efforts to control blood sugar. Rich purine food items produce uric acid. Increased Uric acid give rise to insulin resistance which is a condition wherein the body does not respond to the function of insulin. This can further increase the blood sugar levels of a person, leading to diabetic problems.

Gout and Arthritis

In gout, the body feels difficulty in metabolising purines. Breakdown of purines produce uric acid, which crystallise in the joints of a person and creates severe pain. Both the person with gout and diabetes avoid the foods of high purines as they creates more uric acids; Chart will be helpful in avoiding the food items of more purines compound.

According to doctor prescribed diet , 3.5 ounces or 99. 99.2233 grams purine should be consumed by the person per day to maintain optimum uric acid in the body.

Sometimes in the case of a severe gout problem person is advised no purine compound to control the gout in addition to proper exercise schedule.

The exact quantity of purine compound suitable for a person depends on the physical need of the body or the severity of the diseases. Hence, proper doctor’s advised should be necessary before consuming purine compound.